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Adjectives

Adjective is a word used to describe or tell something more about a noun. For examples, she is a good girl, he has beautiful eyes, etc.

A) Descriptive/Quality Adjective - is used to describe a noun. For examples, a black puppy (describes puppy's coloour), a hot day, a small toy,etc.

Note: Sometimes, adjective comes after its noun, a Predicative Adjective, for example, this is a big house (this house is big).

B) Quantity Adjective - is used to tell the amount about a noun. For examples, many birds, some money, much better, etc.

C) Possessive Adjecttive - is used to tell that something belongs to who. For examples, my car, his pen, her dress, etc.

D) Interrogative Adjective - is used to ask questions. For example, Whose book is that?

Note: An adjective usually comes before a noun, to describe that noun. A pronoun does not come before a noun, but it takes the place of a noun. For example, what present did you receive from Bob?(a big present, an expensive present, etc) what was the present you received from Bob?(a book, a pen, etc)

E) Demonstrative Adjective - is used to point out a person or a thing. For example, this boy, that books, those students, etc.

Degrees Of Comparison
There are three forms of comparison:
i) Positive Degree - is the simple form, used to describe a noun. For examples, he is tall, this flower is beautiful, etc.
ii) Comparative Degree - is used to compare two nouns. For examples, he is taller than his brother, this flower is more beautiful than that flower, etc.
iii) Superlative Degree - is used to compare more nouns. For example, he is the tallest in his class, this flower is the most beautiful in the vase, etc.

To form the comparative degree, we add -er or the word more. For examples, bigger, more beautiful, etc.

To form the superlative degree, we add -est or the word most. For examples, biggest, most beautiful, etc.

A) Common Form
big/bigger/biggest
small/smaller/smallest
tall/taller/tallerst
easy/easier/easiest
happy/happier/happiest

careful/more careful/most careful
difficukt/more difficult/most difficult
beautiful/more beautiful/most beautiful
useful/more useful/most useful
enjoyable/more enjoyable/most enjoyable

B) Irregular Form
good/better/best
bad/worse/worst
little/less/least
many/more/most
much/more/most

*How to form adjective
A) Adjectives can be formed from nouns by adding -ful, -less, -some, -ish, -y, -en, -ern, -ly, -ous, -able, -ible, -ed, -like, -ic, -al.
harm/harmful
beauty/beautiful
care/careless
trouble/troublesome
wind/windy
child/childish
wood/wooden
east/eastern
day/daily
fury/furious
sense/sensible
talent/talented
star/starlike

B) Adjectives can be formed from verbs
talk/talkative
destroy/destructive
run/running
break/broken
help/helpful
need/needy
write/written
close/close

C) Adjectives can be formed from adjectives.
red/reddish
glad/gladsome
good/goodly
elder/elderly
wide/widely

D) Proper Adjective is formed from Proper Noun
England/English
China/Chinese

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